During ancient times, there is low regards on women in any profession and in the society in general. They are kept in their homes, most of the time and limited to jobs that only require labor and not intellectual skills. They are not allowed to take in administrative and corporate positions as they are believed to be useful in the household realm only. The same is true in the medical field; only male doctors are allowed to cure and treat patients, and female doctors are scarce, if not completely absent. However, due to the many protests and fight for equal rights, women have gained privileges in the medical field in which they gained benefit up to this point. In fact, in certain fields of medicine, female doctors are already dominant and are considered a majority. Presently, portion of female practicing physicians reached up to 1/3 of the whole physician population. More than 60% of which are pediatricians and more than 51% are ob-gyn specialists. In the past years, more and more women are venturing into medical careers. Among physicians in training, 46% are women, and almost 50% are female medical students based on the data of reputable medical associations. In surgery, female trainees already reached 38% and in dermatology, 60% of the apprentices are female doctors. The same is true in the black population as 2/3 of medical school applicants are women. In terms of careers in academics, the number of female medical faculty already reached more than 1/3 of the whole population. However, it was found that female instructors are less likely to remain full-time in the field of medical teaching.
According to studies, paying particular attention on the gender composition of doctors is quite significant as apparent impacts are observed on the quality and effectiveness of healthcare systems. Because of this, current studies try to question the effects of work hours of women, different aptitudes, and other associated work ethics. In addition, the effect of the increasing female population on scientific research, healthcare development, and medical advancement is being considered. In some areas, it was found that female doctors are more effective in preventive medicine especially when it comes to treating female patients. Also, the growing opportunities for women in the leadership and administrative positions in medical schools are also taken into account. All these are considered not to decrease or to discriminate the number of women in the physician workforce, but to ensure the diversity in the medical field. With a diverse labor force, patient needs can be addressed effectively and efficiently.
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